Business Digital Opinion Technology

5G Network in Kenya

5G is an upgrade of the current 4 G network.

In essence , it is the 5th Generation wireless technology for digital cellular networks that began wide deployment in 2019. The service area covered by providers is divided into small geographical areas called cells.

It is  expected to support faster and higher volume data transmission, downloads and uploads.It will be available on a wider geographical coverage and will enable devices access online services in real time.

5G is currently 20 times faster than 4G but in future it could be 100 times faster.

With time, 5G is expected to advance wireless networking by bringing fiber-like speeds and extremely low latency capabilities to almost any location. It has a minimum peak download speed of 20 gigabytes per second.

At this speed, it is estimated you could download a two-hour film in just 3.6 seconds on 5G, versus the six minutes on 4G or 26 hours on 3G.It will be faster for fixed users, such as homes, sites and offices than mobile users.

5G uses a new radio spectrum that will allow the connection of billions of devices, live streaming of heavy video content, Internet of Things (IoT), augmented Artificial Intelligence (AI), human-machine interaction, online gaming, customer analytics, cloud computing, robotics and social trust economics, all in real time.

One can manage their property and get quality services from a cloud based central point – your phone, drones, cameras, car, television, laptop, bank, health, education, real estate and other businesses.

It is on the same network that agriculture-as-a-service (AaaS) will be actualised, an effort that will see food security levels boosted.

It will make mobile videos instantaneous, with video calls getting very clear and stable across long distances. Due to its lower latency and higher capacity, healthcare will come with remote monitoring for more patients.

Healthcare providers will then be confident that they will receive the data they need in real time and provide the care their patients need and expect.

Last year , a hospital in China successfully performed the first remote operation using 5G technology, where a doctor implanted a deep brain stimulation (DBS) device in a patient’s brain to help control Parkinson’s disease symptoms.

The Kenyan government needs to lay out network spectrum and infrastructure in readiness for take-off.

It is notable that any revolutionary technology needs supportive infrastructure, a favourable ecosystem and the right policies to succeed.

Currently, only Safaricom is testing 5G’s feasibility in Kenya. Through its TubeStar Base Station, the telco is expected to launch the network early this year in urban centres. Telkom and Airtel are still laying out infrastructure for 4G.

Full 5G access will require close collaboration with the Communications Authority of Kenya and the three telcos.

Trainings and workshops on its use will be required. For instance, Nokia became the first tech company to provide demos to the tech fraternity in Kenya when it held an Innovation Day last year at Southern Sun Mayfair in Westlands, Nairobi.

Technology is moving fast, with videos leading on the type of content being consumed online across the globe.

We will benefit from 5G super-fast speeds in revolutionising most sectors in terms of cost reduction, better quality goods and saving time.

The bands we have for connection are giving us slower connections due to congestion that sometimes lead to network outage. We need to avoid this.

Moreover, there is need for connection of more devices whose services can be accesses in real time, from wherever you are on the planet.

There are three frequency spectrums for 5G, measured  in gigahertz (GHz): (i) LTE frequency range (600 MHz to 6 GHz) – This is used in early deployment of 5G and can connect devices on a large geographical region. It is what most developed countries are using. It currently relies on existing 4G LTE (Long-Term Evolution) networks to ensure consistency in online service delivery to end users. (ii) Millimeter wave (24–86 GHz) – Not many countries have this spectrum but it allows connection of billions of devices in a much less geographical area. It is the fastest in transmitting the heaviest data files on a cloud. (iii) High frequency range (86 GHz and beyond) – There is doubt whether this exists but providers term it the ‘epitome of technology’ as  it is expected to provide the highest speeds in localised areas such military bases.

South Africa, Egypt and Uganda that have in the last three months launched 5G networks have used Huawei’s technology to achieve this feat, with Kenya now expected to be the fourth African country to benefit from this Chinese technology.

Huawei has also beat its rivals in the Kenyan market with its Mate 30, and Chinese Xiaomi Redme K30 being the only devices that are 5G-ready.

Chinese technology giants Huawei and Zhongxing Telecommunications Equipment Corporation (ZTE) have expanded to become the bloodstream of Africa’s telecoms infrastructure.

The European Union (EU) Network Information Security Cooperation Group released a toolbox of recommended measures to mitigate security risks in 5G networks, effectively putting a caveat on the two firms.

In the European meet, the tool box released acknowledged that suppliers with high risk profiles (companies based in third world countries that lack democratic checks and balances) should face additional restrictions. The tool kit also called on EU member states to exclude high risk suppliers from critical and sensitive parts of their 5G networks, which includes the Radio Access Network.

The launch of 5G phones and manufacture of 5G sim cards will only happen when the infrastructure and spectrum have been defined and installed. Manufacturers will ensure these phones can adapt to both 4G and 5G networks, switching flexibly according to network availability in different locations.

Despite all the promises of 5G connectivity, the 4G network has not penetrated into many parts of Kenya, with low income earners in rural areas still enjoying 2G and 3G networks.

Since the 5G spectrum only covers a certain geographical region and at a high frequency absent in remote areas, it won’t be a solution to this challenge.

Remember that 5G operates in high device traffic areas such as urban centers, and in shorter radii. This means Kenyans in rural areas will keep using 3G.

Business Digital Technology

The MedKe Central App

The MedKe Central App is the first home medical care application in Kenya.

Imagine a healthy life without any trips to the hospital.

You can request for medical services or therapy right from your phone.

In case of an emergency, you can request for an ambulance at your doorstep.

You can also chat with qualified medical personnel at any time.

On the sign up page you have to pick which language you want to use. You can either use ENGLISH or KISWAHILI.

On the navigation tab the enlisted services include:

  • Ambulance or Emergency
  • Nurses
  • Nutrition
  • Speech Therapy
  • Physiotherapy
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Psychological Therapy
  • Transportation Therapy
  • Laboratory
  • Comfort Buddies
  • Orthopedic Technologist
  • Health Aide Care

On the drop down menu the itemized list includes :

  • Our Services
  • Language
  • Share Option
  • Log In

The furthest right “info” icon at the bottom has the Privacy Policy and The Terms and Conditions.

The  middle “chat” icon tab ushers to the platform where you can chat with a qualified medical personnel.

For you to be able to chat with a medical personnel , you will be required to register an account so you can access the services.

It is an easily navigable android mobile application that could be instrumental in healthcare.

Digital Opinion Technology

The place of I.C.T. in Kenya’s Competence Based Curriculum

The Summative Evaluation of the current Curriculum indicated that Kenya’s 8.4.4 curriculum content and its implementation was academic and examination oriented. In addition to curriculum overload, most schools were not adequately provided with equipped workshops to facilitate the learning of ICT practical skills and teachers were not sufficiently trained. The graduates at secondary school level did not acquire adequate ICT skills for self-reliance.

Furthermore, the current curriculum does not provide flexible education pathways for identifying and nurturing the talents and interests of learners early enough to prepare them for the world of work, career progression and sustainable development in the I.C.T. sector.

Assessment, which is crucial for the provision of quality education, has been limited to summative assessment of learning whilst the majority of teachers hardly ever use formative assessment for learning. This has led to a situation where there is fierce competition in learning instead of a focus on the acquisition of requisite ICT knowledge and skills. The curriculum makes little provision for the recognition of the learners’ potential, gifts and talents due to an unnecessary focus on examination. This has contributed to increased drop out and wastage rates in the education sector as well as high unemployment.

The Kenyan Competency Based Curriculum (CBC) is a new system of education designed by the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD) team and launched by the Ministry Of Education in 2017. The CBC is designed to emphasize the significance of developing skills and knowledge and also applying those competencies to real life situations.

The CBC Framework is anchored on the National Goals of Education, one of them being promotion of technological and industrial needs for national development. It is reasoned that education should develop in the learner necessary competences for technological and industrial development for the nation in tandem with global trends.

The creators of the competency based curriculum envision that at the end of the learning period, every learner should have achieved DIGITAL LITERACY as one of the core competences.

Digital literacy can be described as having the knowledge, skills and behaviours which are necessary to effectively and safely use a wide range of digital content and devices. Such devices include mobile phones, smart phones, tablets, laptops and desktops among others. All these fall within the category of network enabled devices. Digital literacy focuses mainly on network enabled devices and should not be confused with computer literacy skills. However, traditional forms of literacy and computer literacy are enhancers in the acquisition of digital literacy skills.

Individuals are presumed to be digitally literate if they possess a broad range of digital skills and knowledge, and have a basic understanding of the potential uses of computing devices. Digital literacy skills also include being able to use computer communication networks, being able to engage in online communication and social networks, being aware of and adhering to ethical behaviour protocols, being aware of societal issues raised through digital media, and being able to search, evaluate and use information channelled through digital platforms.

Furthermore, the digital literate individual should also have the ability to safely and securely use technology while being able to assess the nature of the information acquired in order to support and enhance the environment.

Digital literacy as a competence therefore encompasses knowledge and skills concerning the appropriate application of a variety of hardware platforms such as computers, tablets and mobile devices, and their software including but not limited to web search or internet application software.

Digital literacy is a dynamic competence due to the fast-changing world of information communication technology and the ongoing development of technological devices as well as their related software. This is an area in which there is constant innovation and development as the industry attempts to keep up with a globally increasing demand for efficient and effective communication technologies.

Currently, digital literacy is considered as one of the main core competencies for learning and life in the 21st century. It challenges existing thinking and practice while leading to a more innovative, creative and often transformational learning.

One of the learning outcomes of early years education , the first level of CBC , is to apply digital literacy skills for learning and enjoyment.

Digital literacy will be integrated across all Subjects at the pre-primary education level.

At the Middle School level , one of the learning outcomes is application of digital literacy skills for communication and learning.  ICT will be cross cutting in all subjects at Upper Primary.

The Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) pathway shall be offered in 60% of senior schools. It will therefore take 60% of the students entering senior school from lower secondary and it shall comprise of Technical and Engineering as one of the 4 career tracks. ICT is one of the core subjects.

At that level , learning will deal with the purposeful application of computer systems to solve real-world problems, including issues such as the identification of business needs, the specification and installation of hardware and software, and the evaluation of usability.

The learner should be able to understand and play an active role in the digital world that surrounds them, not to be passive consumers of an opaque and mysterious technology. A sound understanding of computing concepts will help them see how to get the best from the systems they use, and how to solve problems when things go wrong.

Moreover, learners who are able to think in computational terms will be able to understand and rationally argue about issues involving computation, such as software patents, identity theft, genetic engineering, electronic voting systems for elections, online shopping and so on. In a world suffused by computation, every school leaver should have an understanding of computing.

In  lower secondary school ,  the learner should be in a position to use ICT in his or her daily activities because in the world today digital literacy is vitally important. Those who opt for the Academic Pathway will have to take computer science as a subject and will be taken through more detailed applications and other areas of the subject.

Due to the added value of ICT in learning, all teachers and students are required to use ICT to support and enrich their teaching and learning activities. ICT is a way of life in the knowledge society and digital era. Education content design, development and delivery should utilize ICT to ensure relevance and synchronized to people’s life style. Using ICT as a tool in teaching and learning enhances the empowerment of teachers and students to fit in the current world of work. ICT can be used as a research tool, problem-solving, creative and teaching and learning tool.

ICTs have the potential to enhance teaching and learning through:

  • Enriching the subject matter,
  • Improving delivery, extending methods of presenting information as a teaching aid,
  • Overcome teacher isolation, by connecting them to colleagues, mentors, curriculum experts, and the global teachers’ community.
  • Providing teachers the opportunity to disseminate and share good practice via communities of practice, the internet, access reliable facilities, resources and support on pedagogical issues and the latest curriculum developments.
  • Offering opportunities for quick, easy and near real time reports and communication to and from the different sectors is possible through various ICTs

For the integration of ICTs in teaching and learning to be successful the tools and resources of the internet, internet of things, multimedia, and related technologies, there is need to utilize ICT as integrally connected with literacy learning in the wider sense of learning as a matter of accessing information, communicating, and applying knowledge.

For sustainability of continuous professional development , there is a proposed mode of  a digital literacy platform that will support teachers in uploading their material.

Digital Technology

Intersection Between Big Data Analytics and Software Development

Collecting raw software project data and analyzing it to create actionable, easily digested KPIs has been valuable. Many firms, struggle to extract, analyze, and organize data into scorecards, dashboards and reports. Only very few organizations have been able to implement an effective, streamlined reporting systems.

It is assumed that because various reports provide interesting information, they have gone the extra mile. Time-consuming processes such as manual data collection and report generation bog them down that they cannot envision anything beyond the next report. Something as basic as creating an end-of-day testing report for management continues to be a tedious and time-consuming manual task.

This hurts productivity across the board. Not only are testers mirred with generating manual reports, but in many cases, the reports aren’t comprehensive enough to provide meaningful decision-making information. This can cause reverberations across the enterprise. 

If reports aren’t sufficiently insightful, then management might not realize defect rates are rising. No one takes action to pinpoint and correct the problem, and defects are discovered too late for developers to fix them before the release goes into production. User frustration ensues, and no one is happy.

Although producing accurate, accessible information such as defect reports won’t guarantee software quality, without them it’s nearly impossible to achieve it. To improve the situation, numerous firms have developed or incorporated into existing platforms—functionality that tracks and organizes (at a basic level) data related to software team activities.

Now, teams frustrated with the tedium and complexity of reporting are finding help from an unexpected quarter—technologies developed to harness complex datasets that traditional data-processing applications cannot effectively process.

Big Data Versus Software Data

Processing datasets of more than five petabytes)—especially those incorporating unstructured data from myriad sources—requires incredibly fast processors, paired with sophisticated analytics software to identify the patterns and associations that provide meaningful feedback. Also, organizations must have a mechanism to visualize this information.

A cadre of innovative enterprises have developed the technologies to accomplish these goals and wrapped them into analytics platforms that are already revolutionizing fact-based decision making in other areas. So, what does this have to do with reporting for software activities?

Leadership in progressive, quality-focused organizations recognized that the challenges of harnessing and visualizing big data were a close parallel to the hurdles experienced by software teams. Although software project activity data might appear to be a world away from big data, it shares a few notable similarities with unstructured big data. It is not easily accessible, natively, nor is it properly organized for data analysis and reporting. It is often unstructured, as well.

The obstacles previously preventing big data from being useful are similar to those keeping software teams mired in inadequate, time-consuming, manual reporting. As such, the requirements for developing a functional, automated analytics and visualization/reporting solution for software project data are similar, as well.

Envisioning a Better System

If only organizations could harness these technologies, they could drive near-real-time analysis and reporting to support informed decision making during the software development and testing process. This information would be especially valuable for continuous integration and agile efforts, as well as for DevOps teams having a hard time achieving integrated communication and collaboration—a major stumbling block in adopting this approach.

However, as with big data analytics, it wouldn’t be enough to analyze one data stream—from one tester or even one team. Similarly, the results wouldn’t be reliable or conclusive if team members were to cherry pick the metrics that were easy to pull. To provide full value, the solution would need to automatically extract all available data from tools like HPE Application Lifecycle Management or JIRA Software—and preferably both, as well as from any other tools being used.

The consolidated data extraction would ensure sufficient information to cover everything—teams, projects, and other activities. Then, there would be a means to normalize the data to remove inconsistencies between values, fields, and other disparate naming conventions prior to analytics and visualization. Resulting KPIS would be both broad and deep, ranging from the number of tests that passed, failed, and were blocked in a day, to defect distribution by severity, status, or root cause, trending of defects, and beyond.

At the visualization end, users would be able to consume a variety of data formats—reports, dashboards, and scorecards, for instance, and be able to create their own views. Furthermore, users would be able to see high-level results or drill down deeper into the most detailed specifics.

A handful of enterprises are working at varying levels to help software teams better analyze and visualize their test activity data using big data technologies.

Developers and testers can identify workload peaks and troughs that might cause problems—and track completion statuses across the entire software lifecycle. 

Project managers can spot problems earlier and reallocate resources as needed to maintain quality. They can also monitor trends to stop problems in their tracks. 

Executives can track project health and monitor visibility across the entire project portfolio.

It’s an exciting time, especially for quality-focused organizations such as ours, and we look forward to seeing how these technologies will allow software project (and quality) management to evolve.

New Horizons for Software Delivery

Processing and visualizing software project data in near-real time has incredible potential to facilitate decisions that expedite release cycles and boost quality. However, it isn’t the only way big data can make its way into software development and testing—and even quality assurance. A powerful synergy is building that will enable software teams to act more quickly and proactively upon a wide variety of data, including the big data that drove the technological transformation we described earlier.

Data monitoring of unstructured data feeds such as social media has already become commonplace among customer satisfaction teams. If a key influencer with millions of followers—a celebrity, for instance—pronounces he or she doesn’t like a product, the effect will be felt at a retailer’s cash registers within days, if not sooner. Near-real-time big data analytics are enabling companies around the globe to learn of and address user dissatisfaction issues right away rather than weeks or months later.

It shouldn’t be long before this type of information makes its way into software user experience efforts—because it must. If a power celebrity such as Taylor Swift tells four million fans that she doesn’t like a new music app because it lacks a certain feature, it will do the organization little good to integrate that feature a year later. The app will be dying or dead by then. 

It’s entirely possible that “user activity” monitoring tools could soon be integrated with production monitoring platforms, enabling firms to receive near-real-time information, not only when users are experiencing functionality problems with their apps but also when they are complaining to their friends about them on Facebook.

Such functionality will be a final piece in the quality puzzle, because savvy organizations will already have used the type of analytics we described earlier to better manage their software processes, minimizing defects and watching user satisfaction climb.

Business Digital Technology

Can We Predict The Future Of Technology? – Part 1

Futurists have come up with both exciting and scary visions of how future technology will be like.

Future prediction isn’t exactly a science , but when one watches the technology industry , it is possible to identify the trends and chart a course in which things are likely to head.

There is, of course, a two – pronged approach to this:

1. Improvement of existing technology

2. Replacement and Invention / Innovation of New Technology

What are some of the predictions on the future of technology?

Artificial Intelligence (A.I.)

Artificial Intelligence is the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines.

It is simply intelligent behavior in machines.

Technologies such as computers and imaging are increasing apace. Presently, there are so many levels of intelligence. It can be estimated that in the near future human – like machine intelligence will be in existence in some form.

Artificial Intelligence has raised some extraordinary issues that have quieting implications for humanity.

The evolution of Artificial Intelligence means that human beings are moving away from repetitive tasks and are increasingly focused on tasks that only humans can do. For the work spaces, people will spend less time sitting at their desks and more time in a diversity of settings.

The more innovative firms get, they will no longer be thinking of work spaces in terms of a single location, but as a network of spaces where employees can access depending on what they are trying to achieve which could range from brainstorming on a new product , training  a new sales team  et al.

Uber has revolutionized access to mobility by offering commuters their private drivers. Employees will be expecting the same level of diversity and choice from their workspace.

Artificial Humor

The idea of comedic humor sounds fantastic.  A.I. researchers are coming up with computer programs that can recognize a joke. They are taking satire very seriously as they believe humor is a crucial aspect of improved interaction between human and computers.

Cybersecurity and Data Security

Cyber physical hacking has been going on for a while. There is likely to be an increase in ransomware attacks that can cause companies’ digital infrastructure. Attacks on manufacturing equipment, surveillance infrastructure and data centers which are likely to cause damage to the tune of millions of dollars. Business operations could even be shut down.

The good thing is that I.T. engineers with specialization in cybersecurity have anticipated this and are working round the clock to come up with solutions that could prevent some of these disastrous happenings from materializing.

 Data security is a critical problem that needs to be addressed in the development process. This is not only applicable for customers and clients whose data is vulnerable, but also for software developers and business leaders who are tasked with protecting the data.

These entities are familiarizing themselves with how they can incorporate security into the development process. Businesses will begin to implement what they will have learnt. Tech leaders will train developers on how to avoid errors such as coding security holes in their apps. Developers will add security detection features at the code level. This will protect the code from intrusion and will help in watching out for anomalous activity.

Business Digital Technology

How Email Integration Works

Email Integration helps you keep track of what is going on across all of the accounts by automatically capturing emails to and fro every contact and support case.

It creates a history of every interaction with your prospects and customers. The CRM System automatically captures incoming and outgoing emails and stores them in one’s account activities. It gives a team complete transparency of all correspondence. The emails are stored in chronological order, with a summary grid let one select what information to display and store any attached documents. The volume of documents stored is determined by one’s CRM (Customer Relationship Management) plan.

It works well with email client of one’s choice including Microsoft Outlook 365 and Gmail. It integrates one’s customer support messages in the service module. It automatically creates new customer support cases for incoming email.

As it synchronize in real time, one is able to see all the messages to and from your customers, along with other activities, wherever you are.

CRM email integration works by directly with the mail server. As no local software is required for installation, one can continue to use the email client of one’s choice. There is no limit to the number of email addresses one can set up. The system can recognize any address you add.

Incoming emails can also be used to create new cases, allocate a Case ID, or be mapped to existing cases.

Getting important client emails into your CRM is essential. Email synchronization works no matter what email provider one has or the language that the messages are in.By utilization of a standard IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) connection, one is able to ensure that they are never trapped into a CRM – specific email integration.

The source of every email one sends should be in the mailbox. One need not switch between the mail client and the CRM to find an email that one sent.

Business Technology

How to Choose the Perfect Security System

Choosing the most appropriate home security system is integral to feeling safe irrespective of whether you are at home or at work.

One first needs to understand that there are different types of home security systems

Types of home security systems

Wireless home security systems

They usually apply cellular signals to give you alerts on triggered sensors. The security equipment is easily installable without the need of a professional technician. Most of these equipped are usually pre – programmed and ready to work when it comes home. They offer instant alerts and over the clock monitoring… If one chooses a wireless security package, it is crucial to consider the area’s cellular signal and consult one’s ISP on the options that one can use to spot a cellular signal that can impact your equipment to work properly.

Landline home security systems

Home security monitoring done using a landline is heavily reliant on a wired phone connection and a frequency that sends alerts when sensors are triggered.  If the phone lines are down and there happens to be a power outage there will be a need to rely on a backup battery for continued monitoring. A landline security system will usually require professional installation to be connected to a phone line. These ones are becoming less popular in the digital age , due to the wireless systems offering easier installation , better and regular security updates and and additional features that offers one more control to their equipment.

 Home Security Systems Contracts

The next important step in picking the best home security system is to ensure you have read fine prints of the security system contracts. Some security providers will require a binding contract for a considerable time for low pricing or discounts. There are a few things to note while reviewing the contracts.

Contractors may include installation and equipment fees. If you are not satisfied with the equipment you may not get any refund. Some contractors may charge termination fees in case you break your contract earlier.

It is also important to take note of what your provider will and will not cover if one experiences burglary or damages with the installed security system in place. Some may offer money – back guarantees for burglaries, while others express say in their contracts that they will not be held liable. Some home security providers may allow you to rent or lease the equipment. When returning it and it is not working properly, one may incur fees. If you do not understand or have questions regarding your contract, it is crucial to reach out to your security provider before signing it considering that it is legally binding and a long – term investment for your home.

Home Security Installation

For the DIY Installation, you will need to set the home security system by yourself. Most security providers have made this easier by coming up with how-to’ videos, manuals and pre-programming the equipment so it’s ready to use immediately. It doesn’t require drilling or wiring and are easy to set up with removable adhesive or plugs into your standard wall outlet and completing the setup on your smartphone or Internet. You will have the freedom to set up your system the way you want and when it’s time to move, you’ll be able easily to pack up the system and reinstall it in your new home without needing a technician.

For professional installation, the home security system will be set up correctly. A technician is required, so you’ll schedule an appointment for installation

Business Digital Technology

Comparison between iOS App Development and Android App development

When it comes to creating apps for Android or IOS, the process may seem very similar. However, each of these two operating systems has its own differences, both in the technical level and also in terms of design and mobile strategy. The entire concept of an app will depend on the operating system being used. Let’s look at some of the differences usually noticed by developers during the process of creating apps for Android and IOS.

Development Language

This forms the biggest difference between the Android and IOS operating system. Each is programmed in a different language. Whilst the IOS apps run on objective- C – Swift , Android apps run on Java. Java requires a lot of code to be written, therefore much time is required by Java engineers to code. Swift on the other hand is much faster due to writing less code.

Integrated Development Environment Availability (IDE)

Originally, engineers applied Eclipse tool as an environment for Android app development. Google then released studio and all engineers started using it due to its excellent possibilities. On the other hand, IOS developers use X code when developing IOS apps. It is an incredibly productive environment for building amazing apps as it has the possibility of finding out the errors in both syntax and logic and even get the code fixed.

Development Complexity

The difference between IOS and Android in programming language is not so complex in comparison with OS fragmentation. IOS powered devices are limited, whereas Android powered devices have a wide range of systems that operate on devices. As a result, the Android based geared creation is more complex, goes slower due to a wide range of different screen operating system as compared to the IOS powered gears with a narrow range of operating systems.

Graphic Interface

This constitutes the visual differences between creating an app for an Android or IOS end user. At the technical level, the developer will build XML files onto Android interface, which are very similar to IOS XIB files.

Testing the App

One must ensure that the app they are developing works perfectly. This forms an essential part in the development process. The Android simulator and IOS simulator are often used to test this. The difference between the two is that, the IOS simulator is much faster than the Android simulator. The Android simulator however, has the comparative advantage of being an effective virtual machine including CPU, therefore making it more effective than the IOS.

Design Philosophy

These are the design principles that should be considered when developing an app

  • Screen size and resolution

Apple-backed IOS devices have two screen sizes (iPhone/IPad) with more than three possible resolutions for iPhone and a few for Ipad. Meanwhile, Android powered devices have a great number of screen sizes that respectively lead to a wide range of screen resolution

  • Navigation

Android powered devices navigation bar is placed left while IOS one shifted to the top.

  • ‘Back ‘ button.

The ‘back’ button is included in Android but does not exist in IOS. The lack of this button in IOS means the app developer should indicate on the screen how to go back.

Monetization Strategy

IOS users like Apple users mainly focus on purchases whereas Android users rely predominantly on ad-supported apps.

When selecting a platform for developing an app, the most crucial part is analyzing the key aspects that differentiate these two OS platforms and keep them in mind when choosing which app best suits your business.

Business Digital Technology

The Future of Web Development – Part II

The world should not expect something radically fresh, but it should be understood that some technologies and developments will keep growing.

Intelligent technology is the future of the world. When physical strength begins being replaced by robots. There is likely to be a full automation of our lives. The concept of automating production is sneaking deeper into our lives. Forms of artificial intelligence such as home cleaning robots, autopilot, smart homes, and voice search have their embodiment in the market.

AI will be used widely in the development of web services. It will be embedded in the finished products with user orientation. It is expected that it will help improve user experience.

The demand for beginner and professional web developers will directly depend on what frameworks and what languages they can work with. The speed of adapting to new tools will also play a significant role in it.

JavaScript, Python and PHP are the most popular language in recent years. The trends in programming do not change considering the developers are satisfied with their capabilities. JavaScript and Python take the cake. However, Python is weak when it comes to mobile applications development. It is considered one of the best when it comes too web browser services.PHP is considered the worst language. The only merit to it is being easy to learn and use. It is also suitable for creating majority of the simple web services.

Smart phones are playing a significant part. That is why mobile applications need to pay more attention. JavaScript is well suited for their development. However, Java is considered the most effective language for this development.

Good ground is very important for a functional web service. It is part and parcel of the development environment. React and Vue are some of the most sought after front – end development frameworks by most companies. Following closely is Angular, which has been marred by claims that it sags significantly when it comes to efficiency. Vue has only become popular this year, especially in the Asian market. It is expected to level out React very soon. Xiaomi, a global brand, has totally switched to Vue. Svelte.js, a relatively unknown framework, has caught the eye of developers and it is likely, that it will follow the Vue route. Svelte allows one to create an application that takes up less memory. For the finished product development, its framework is unnecessary, hence the achievability of the reduced size.

Products that had high – quality voice inputs used to be too costly. The trend has since changed with the advent of voice commands. Voice search may not be as fast as text input, due to the time a browser needs for clearer speech recognition. This will have an impact on web services development. A good example is where the SEO of many sites is based on voice queries. Voice queries significantly influence the indexing of sites by search engines.

Voice commands are actively applied in mobile and web applications. By voice, you can call Uber. It makes life much easier because one does not need to spend a lot of time using the app. One only needs to wait for the arrival of the car. Geolocation determines the exact location of the car. Voice input technology will definitely reshape the future of web development.

Business Digital Technology

The Future Of Web Development – Part 1

Web development being a set of  technologies , practices and institutes, consists of hardware ( specifically consumer devices ) and the limitless pursuit of financial gain. In the last few years , there has been an influx in the diversity of consumer devices such as smart watches , smart glasses , smart speakers , smart TVs , foldable smartphones among others. In this era of IoT (Internet Of Things ) , it is hardly surprising to see smart devices joining the foray.

This greater diversity of devices translates  to a greater diversity for platforms and types and shapes of inputs and outputs. The days of a single web app or website for limited range of devices and equipped with  a square and large screen and a web browser are long gone.

The aim being to get maximum usage of the web apps , they must be made available to a huge and an unpredictable range of devices. They need to be built in a way that enables customization into an existing device and also made ready for the next new thing.

Web development is expensive. There is a shortage of web developers and the demand keeps rising. It is estimated that by 2026 , millions of software developer roles will be created , which translates to  more money being expended on labor costs.

Thus far , the market has reacted with some limitations. There has been a rise in drag – and – drop – low – code kinds of platforms that aim towards low – skilled programmers and implementers. Google App Maker , Microsoft Power Apps and web design platforms like Wix are just but a few. As good as these platforms may be , they are a far from being the needed solution to the problem considering they have limitations in their application.  If these current trends do not change , there is going to be a challenge with expensive software and bad code that is written by unqualified developers which will turn out to be bad software.

Writing code is challenging. It is getting harder and harder to keep up with increasing diversification of devices. Every coding job needs an expert. Every task requires dealing with obscure and fragile code.

The future of JavaScript – based web development is a rich , complex and rapidly evolving ecosystem. Every job will need mastery of a variety of tools , technologies and architectures.

Writing web apps requires fantastic work. There are so many things to put into csonideration that could make the entire app to fail. An outsider in the field of web development may be fooled into believing that modern web apps are like LEGO – made of atomic blocks of code , where each is able to function on its own, each is easily replaceable. While apps are built in a modular fashion , they are only so on the surface. Modules or components are reliant upon many other pieces of code in the hositing project , the  project compiler and repositories,

The future lies in  real components. The tremendous success of component driven frontEnd frameworks like React , the conception of standard component models , the growth of tools built for the components , the increase in popularity of back – end architecture , the move towards more modular repositories and the emphasis on functional programming.

Components are likely to create a new role in the industry – component architects. Engineers will deal with concrete data , ensuring it is written correctly  and fully optimized.